This week our Better Health, Brighter Futures event saw experts reveal how sustainable energy can meet global health challenges. We’ve picked out key points from out speakers at London’s Royal Institute on 13 November, including World Health Organisation (WHO) public health director Dr Maria Neira.
Air pollution: smoking battle shows way forward
Air pollution leads to millions of premature deaths a year, causing or worsening problems such as pneumonia, lung cancer and asthma. But the dramatic shift in attitudes to cigarettes shows progress can happen quickly, Dr Neira said. “20 years ago, smoking was socially acceptable. People who complained were seen as intolerant.” Smoking on aeroplanes and in hospital lifts was unremarkable. She hailed efforts to confront the health risks and drive change in recent decades.
The fight against air pollution needs a similar effort, Dr Neira said – but she warned change must happen even faster.
Dirty cookstoves kill millions – women and girls are most at risk
Dymphna van der Lans of the Clean Cooking Alliance revealed that 4 million people a year die prematurely from illnesses attributable to the household air pollution caused by cooking emissions. She said: “Women and girls – who often spend hours cooking and collecting fuel – are disproportionately affected.”
Seeing the dangerous impact of polluting cookstoves in Kenya inspired Ashden Founder Director Sarah Butler-Sloss to set up the Ashden Awards, and past winners have helped grow the clean cookstove market around the world. But the growth of the sector has barely kept pace with population rises, and billions of dollars of investment are urgently needed. She pledged to give clean cooking “innovators and game-changers” support at every level.
Dymphna shared an uplifting story that showed progress was possible – how a group of women in Nigeria gave birth to healthier babies after switching from wood and kerosene cookstoves to cleaner ethanol-burning alternatives. “These are life-changing outcomes that can help transform a child’s future,” she said.
Health professionals have big role to play
Dr Neira urged health workers to look beyond treating patients and call for political change. “For years they have been keeping doctors inside hospitals. But they need us outside. We need to get out of our hospitals and get influencing. We can’t just keep treating the cases generated by the lack of clean energy. The World Health Organisation is talking very seriously and strongly on that.”
She said solutions to many problems would need to come from the private sector, but gave a stark warning about the need for action. “Fossil fuels kill. We need to accelerate the transition.”