As the world struggles to contain the spread of coronavirus, the climate crisis still threatens us all. That’s why we need a green recovery from the pandemic – one that delivers better lives today, alongside progress towards a low-carbon future. Innovative climate solutions can help us reach both goals. That includes reliance on indigenous people and local communities to efficiently manage their resources.
Research shows that the stewarding of forested land by indigenous people and local communities offers the world greater protection from climate change than if the land is maintained by governments or businesses. But for indigenous people to survive their rights must be protected, and they must be able to earn a living. Two inspiring schemes in Brazil and Cameroon show the power of this approach.
Seeds of change
In the Amazon, seed collection is key to reforesting degraded land. Seed collection network Rede de Sementes do Xingu is playing a vital role, co-ordinating local seed collectors, administrators, and buyers in the state of Mato Grosso.
Its seeds have already boosted the recovery of more than 6,000 hectares. They are bought by landowners, including farmers and industrial companies, and planted using the Muvuca technique – which involves spreading mixed seed species. The technique makes it possible to plant up to ten times more trees per hectare and at half the cost than the more mainstream method of planting with native seedlings.
Most of the seed collectors are women, with many coming from the Yarang Women’s Movement. The Yarang are a source of pride in their village and beyond, among men and women. Chief Kampot Ikpeng says: “My daughters are collecting seeds to plant and restore what has been destroyed in our territory. We need to come together. Today we are relatives, partners, and the forest depends on us.”
The local communities’ network also helps reduce forest fires. In 2010, in the Mid and Lower Xingu basin around 100,000 hectares were badly burned, but the scheme has reduced fires dramatically. In 2019, even with fires raging throughout the Amazon, only 1,600 hectares were lost. This is down to education and knowledge sharing between indigenous groups connected through the project – they have changed cooking methods and no longer plant trees with the most flammable sap. The scheme also allows the mapping of these important areas, with universities and other NGOs using the network’s communication channels.
This network draws on ancient knowledge, but modern technology boosts its impact – in the Amazon and beyond. The seed collectors have built a strong community and use messaging apps to share knowledge and send videos of their work. They also work with organizations like Fridays for Future and Extinction Rebellion to engage young people locally and internationally and to raise wider awareness of the need to protect the Amazon.
Holistic support helps beekeepers thrive
Slash and burn agriculture is destroying large parts of Cameroon’s rainforest. Cameroon Gender and Environment Watch (CAMGEW) has responded by helping people in the country’s Western Highlands region, particularly women, become beekeepers – a more sustainable way of earning a living. CAMGEW provides training and equipment and helps local people form co-operatives and to sell their honey and beeswax products at a fair price.
Women make up half of the CAMGEW management team. Recognizing that women in the area face many barriers to earning income, the organization offers them extra support including access to more hives and targeted microfinance and entrepreneurship programs.
Director Wirsiy Emmanuel Binyuy recognizes that protecting the rainforest must go hand in hand with opportunities for local communities. He said: “We did not want to just talk about policy; we wanted to do real action, and that is why we came up with the tree planting and bee farming to see how we could improve the lives of people while also protecting the environment. We had to do lobbying to make sure the [government] authorities are with us; the traditional authorities are with us; the elders in the community are with us.”
The presence of beehives in the forest reduces the incentive to clear land by starting fires and gives local communities an incentive to put out blazes started by others. There have been no serious fires since 2017, compared to seven in a single year in 2012.
The organization tries to buy supplies locally and puts local people on its posters and booklets, to reassure and reinforce credibility. Emma says: “We prefer not to use consultants, who come and go away and we never see them again.” The people benefiting include Babab Gideon Bongjo, a tailor who has been trained to make protective suits for beekeepers. He says: “I knew how to produce dresses, but I wasn’t very enlightened when it came to bee suits. Now I have been trained, and I train others. I can make a lot of money, and this is helping me and my family.”
Like Rede de Sementes do Xingu, CAMGEW’s strength flows from its close bond to the community it serves. These connections are crucial as both organizations use local skills and knowledge to tackle a global challenge.
Rede de Sementes do Xingu and CAMGEW are finalists in the natural climate solutions category at the 2020 Ashden Awards. The winner will be announced on July 2.
This piece first appeared at Impakter